A public opinion poll released by the Real Estate Foundation of BC and the University of Victoria’s POLIS Water Sustainability Project shows that water is now the top environmental issue in British Columbia.
Six in ten (62 per cent) B.C. residents say they are concerned about pollution of lakes, rivers, and streams ahead of all other environmental issues, including climate change (59 per cent), declining salmon stocks (59 per cent), and deforestation (55 per cent).
Public perception of freshwater health in the province appears to have taken a major hit in recent years. Just 35 per cent of British Columbians now rate the overall health of lakes, rivers, and streams around their communities as good or excellent—down from 44 per cent in 2013.
The survey also finds increasing concern about community water sources. Two in three British Columbians (66 per cent, up from 57 per cent in 2018) now say they are concerned about the potential for a major water crisis in their community in the next few years. Concerns are highest on Vancouver Island, in the Lower Mainland, and in the Southern Interior, particularly among older adults (aged 65+).
Water concerns may have been heightened by the events of the past summer. Three in four (75 per cent) British Columbians surveyed say that they view summer 2021 as one of the hottest, driest, and worst fire seasons in living memory.
The survey results suggest that British Columbians are concerned and increasingly paying attention to water issues. More than three-quarters (78 per cent) say that B.C. needs to make major investments in watershed security to protect fresh water.
“These trends reflect the growing consensus among both experts and the public that our water cannot be taken for granted,” said Oliver M. Brandes, co-director of the POLIS Project at the University of Victoria. “Watershed security—the need to responsibly and sustainably manage water and its sources—is the common theme that links the top issues of our time. Without watershed security, climate impacts are worse, droughts endure, wildfires intensify, salmon die, forests fail, soil is lost, food cannot grow, local economies falter, and conflict mounts.
“If this government is serious about solving problems, about securing this province for the future, it needs to be making these connections,” added Brandes. “With increasing climate instability in the face of increasing local development and an expanding population, taking action now is a no-brainer. Watershed security is more than just an environmental problem; watershed security is a reconciliation, health, and economic imperative.”
Survey results also suggest that the public wants industry to shoulder more of the cost of protecting fresh water. More than three-quarters (77 per cent) say that B.C. should make industry pay more to secure and restore B.C. watersheds.
Three in four (75 per cent) British Columbians would like to see all water rental fees collected from industry dedicated to an independent Watershed Security Fund. Eight in ten (82 per cent) say they want to see corporate polluters jailed and fined.
“Freshwater is a top priority across B.C. because healthy watersheds are essential to healthy communities,” said Mark Gifford, CEO of the Real Estate Foundation of BC. “Taking action to protect and restore watersheds is a big opportunity to secure fresh water, adapt to climate change, revitalize salmon stocks, and create jobs.”
McAllister Opinion Research conducted the online survey of 1,012 English-speaking B.C. residents (aged 18 years or older) from September 17 to 20. The credibility interval is ±3.1 per cent at a 95 per cent confidence level. McAllister is an accredited member of ESOMAR, the international professional body for public opinion research and market intelligence.
A copy of the 2021 B.C. Watershed Security Survey results can be downloaded here.